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FOURTH SLAVIC PROCLAMATION

 

SLAVIC UNION calls on the Government of the Federal Republic of Germany to determine the status of the territory of Lusatian Sorbia within the Federal State of Germany, as well as the status of the Lusatian Sorbs as a separate Slavic nation. Lusatian Sorbia (more precisely Lower and Upper Lusatian Sorbia) is located in the territory of today's Federal Republic of Germany in regions Saxony and Brandenburg, the informal capital of Lusatia is Budyshyn (Bautzen). At the moment, the Lusatian Sorbs have the status of a national minority, they enjoy certain cultural privileges, own schools and cultural organizations, some local signs are bilingual, etc. Those cultural privileges of the national minority are far from determining the status of the Lusatian Sorbia as an autonomous region or a special administrative or federal unit within the Federal Republic of Germany. Lusatian Sorbs are also one of the few Slavic and European nations, which today have no state or autonomous entity.

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As the best forms of the future status of Lusatian Sorbia we can present some already existing examples like Monaco, Liechtenstein, Vatican City, Aland Islands, San Marino or Andorra. Lusatian Sorbia has its own characteristics, which are not at all similar to the examples listed, but precisely because of its uniqueness, the status of Lusatian Sorbia can be determined. Lusatian Sorbia as a separate federal unit composed of Upper and Lower Lusatian Sorbia. (We also allow a model of separate autonomy of Upper and Lower Lusatian Sorbia.)

Interesting examples of some autonomous republics within the Russian Federation, such as the republic of Karelia, are interesting. The Republic of Karelia is considered by the constitution of the Russian Federation as a state of the Finnish-Karelian people, although the percentage of these peoples in relation to ethnic Russians is negligible. It is especially interesting that the Finn-Karelian peoples are not considered a national minority but special people. Karelia has the status of a republic, has its own parliament, president, bilingualism, republic laws, etc.

The Jewish Autonomous Region has a special status within the Russian Federation, although the name of the autonomous region does not correspond to the real national composition of the population of the autonomous region.

There are other examples all over the world.

Simply speaking, Federal Republic of Germany could do it even today, meaning Germany as the most powerful EU society.

 

Let us recall a bit about the history of the Lusatian Serbia itself and the Lusatian Sorbs. The first memories of Lusatian Sorbia date back to 623-665 years, when Lusatia was part of the state of Samo - the first Slavic state formation. In the IX century was part of the Great Moravian State. In 965 Lusatia becomes independent, the so-called Lusatian brand. (Markgrafschaft Lausitz).

January 30, 1018 on the Bautzen (Budishin) peace agreement, Boleslaw Brave joined Lusatia to Poland.

In 1367 the Lusatian stamp was sold to the King of Bohemia and Germany and to the Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, Charles IV. Lusatian Sorbia became an autonomous territory within the Kingdom of Bohemia. As part of Bohemia Lusatia remained until the Prague Peace in 1635.

In 1635-1815 the Lusatia was part of Saxony, and then part of Prussia (the northern part after the partition of Saxony in 1815). German expansion, which existed since the 12th century, caused the Lusatians of the 13th century to become a minority in this region.

In 1815, as part of the administrative reform of the Prussian state, part of the Lusatia was annexed to the newly formed province of Prussian Silesia (Provinz Schlesien).

Since 1871, it is subordinated to the united Germany.

In 1919, the Lusatian delegation attended the work of the Versailles Conference, where it agreed to establish a common state with the Czechs. However, the Lusatians were not allowed to vote.

At the time of Nazi Germany the Lusatian Sorbs became one of the first prisoners of the Nazi concentration camps. Lusatian Sorbs also met the Red Army as a liberator, but the Soviet authorities never gave recognition. At the end of the Second World War, three million Germans were driven from the Sudetenland of the Czech Republic, and they settled in large numbers in the Lusatian Sorbs territory, which those finally became a minority in the region.

The Polish communists also drove from their territories of the Lower Silesian Province, Germans and the Lusatian Sorbs.

Only in 1950 the Lusatian Sorbs gained linguistic and cultural autonomy in the then GDR, the German Democratic Republic.

After the reunification of Germany on October 3, 1990, the Lusatians fought for the acquisition of the status of an administrative unit of autonomy, but the federal authorities of the Republic of Germany did not make concessions, but instead a new division between the federal regions-Saxony and Brandenburg.

Already in 2005, the first political party was established, which represents the interests of the Lusatian Sorbs.

Today it is an area of 11,000 km², where 1.4 million people live and only about 60,000 of them are Lusatian Sorbs. One cannot help but take into account the fact that today, for most Lusatian Sorbs German became the first native language.

In conclusion, we can say that, with the course of historical circumstances, the Lusatian Sorbs have not managed to retain their statehood.

There are only sixty thousand left and this is another reason for the necessary start of the process of determining the status of Lusatian Sorbia. According to all the international laws, those people are on the verge of extinction, as well as their language and culture.

Let us also recall a bit about the national symbols of Lusatian Sorbia!

Lusatian Sorbs have their own separate language and a writing system; this is Upper Sorbian and Lower Sorbian. They have their own national flag, national emblem and national anthem - "Beautiful Lusatia".

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national flag              national emblem

From the very beginning, our SLAVIC UNION attached great importance to Lusatian Sorbia and the preservation of its identity. The flag of Lusatian Sorbia is on the official flag of SLAVIC UNION-a, as well as the emblem of Lusatian Sorbia which is on the official SLAVIC UNION emblem.

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Here is the official flag of SLAVIC UNION, on which the national flag of the Lusatian Sorbs is the sixth on the left.

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Here is the official SLAVIC UNION emblem on which the national emblem of the Lusatian Sorbs is the sixth on the left.

As you can see from the pictures, the official flag and the SLAVIC UNION emblem are made up of national flags and emblems of thirteen Slavic states: Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Macedonia, Montenegro, Poland, Serbia, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia and Ukraine, and only the flag and emblem of Lusatian Sorbia we placed along with the other flags and emblems.

Back in the foundation in 2004, we thought of Lusatian Sorbia as a separate Slavic people. "Fourth Slavic Proclamation" is a logical continuation of the advocacy of the interests of Lusatian Sorbia.

Articles about Lusatian Sorbia are on the earliest sites of SLAVIC UNION. We treated Lusatian Sorbia as a separate people in a special region from the very beginning of our work. Those, we defined Lusatian Sorbia and on the map of the Slavic-speaking territories of Europe, which we called conditionally SLAVIALAND. For example, we placed Lusatian Sorbia on the SLAVIALAND map, and even in the SLAVIALAND division. We placed Lusatian Sorbia in a number of West Slavic states on an equal footing with Poland, the Czech Republic and Slovakia.

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(Lusatian Sorbia on the map of the conventional unit of the SLAVIALAND.)

These are just some of the examples of how SLAVIC UNION tried to pay attention to the Lusatian question today. But the efforts of our society are symbolic, and for a wider support SLAVIC UNION appeals to the Federal Republic of Germany and the world democratic community through the so-called "FOURTH SLAVIC PROCLAMATION".

Lusatian Sorbs also spreads insignificantly in one part of southwestern Poland, more precisely in the Lower Silesia province. In addition to the Federal Republic of Germany, SLAVIC UNION also appeals to the Republic of Poland for granting a certain cultural autonomy to the Lusatian Sorbs in the Lower Silesian province. Since this is a fairly small territory and a small number of Lusatian Sorbs, it would be an act of goodwill and an example for imitation, a push to preserve the Lusatian identity.

The Czech Republic and Slovakia should also show special support to Lusatian Sorbia, as the Lusatian Sorbs once tried to become a part of a common state along with other Western Slavs, the Czechs Slovaks and Rusyns. It is clear that the rest of the thirteen Slavic states in Europe, as well as the rest of the European and world states, where the Slavic languages are spread in one way or another, should show special support and initiative.

SLAVIC UNION also calls the countries of the "European Union" to support our initiative. The main motto of the EU is "UNITED IN DIVERSITY" and these are the values that should be applied in the case of the Lusatian Sorbs.

SLAVIC UNION also calls on the UN - the Organization of the United Nations and UNESCO to preserve the identity of the Lusatian Sorbs and their cultural heritage.

SLAVIC UNION also asks international sports organizations to support the formation of national teams of Lusatian Sorbs in different sports. And as always SLAVIC UNION calls people of goodwill and also famous personalities from the world of culture, music, film, to support a noble initiative.

 

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