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THE LAND - SLAVIA (with Slavic
area: 18 694 500 км˛
population: 287 052 000
THERE IS A LAND IN THE HEART OF EUROPE
SLAVIC UNION, SLAVIC LEAGUE, THE LEAGUE OF THE SLAVIC
NATIONS, СЛАВЯНСКАЯ УНIЯ - СЛАВЯНСКИ СOЮЗ, SLAVENSKA UNIJA – SLAVENSKI SAVEZ, SLAVENSKA LIGA, СЛАВЯНСКИ СЪЮЗ – СЪЮЗ НА СЛАВЯНСКИТЕ НАРОДИ, СЪЮЗ НА СЛАВЯНСКИТЕ ДРЖАВИ, SLOVANSKA UNIÉ – SLOVANSKÝ SVAZ,SŁOWJANSKA UNIJA, SŁOWJANSKA LIGA, СЛОВЕНСКА УНИЈА – СЛОВЕНСКИ СОЈУЗ, UNIA SLOWIAŃSKA – ZVĄZEK SLOWIAŃSKI, СЛАВЯНСКИЙ СОЮЗ –СОЮЗ СЛАВЯНСКИХ НАРОДОВ, СОЮЗ СЛАВЯНСКИХ ДЕРЖАВ, СЛОВЕНСКА УНИЈА - СЛОВЕНСКИ САВЕЗ – SLOVENSKA UNIJA, СЛОВЕНСКА ЛИГА,SLOVENSKA LIGA, LIGA SLAVENSKIH NARODA, LIGA SLAVENSKIH DRŽAVA, SLOVANSKÁ UNIÁ – SLOVANSKÝ ZVÄZ, SLOVANSKA UNIA – SLOVANSKA ZVEZA, СЛАВЯНСКА УНIА – СЛАВЯНСКИ СОЮЗ, СЛАВЯНСКАЯ ЛИГА..
OF THE WORD
S L A V I A
AND VARIATION BY
The word SLAVIA is something that has existed for a
very long time, but still even for Slavic people it sounds artificial.
There is one interesting thing about the word Yugoslavia in my
mind, or at least that is what we understand when we hear that name.The first time we heard this name was in 1917 or 1918.
Or JUGOSLAVIJA Croatian or or ЈУГОСЛАВИЈА Serbian or
(JUGOSLAVIA) ‘west’ Latin version (ЈУГОСЛАВИА) ‘east’ Cyrilic
The name Yugoslavia, or Jugoslavija in my mother tongue always sounded
like an artificial word, unusual for the “Slavic ear”. However, that was the
name of the country in which I was born, and I recognized it as and
considered it the name of my homeland.
In a simple translation of this word Jugoslavija it means exactly South Slavia, JUGO-
south, and SLAVIJA – Slavia. So, the name of the State which was established
in 1918 was exactly SouthSlavia. We also recognized this new state as
the Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes.
This country or union of these Slavic Balcanic states was internationally recognized
at that time. Also, in 1943, Josip Broz Tito with his partisans established a new
country which got an official name, FNRJ (Federal People’s Republic of Yugoslavia). These
abbreviations FNR or NR changed a few times in the course of
history before we got the official name at the early 70’s: SFRJ – Socialistic
Federative Republic of Yugoslavia.
As we can see, this term was changed many times, but
one word remained the same, Yugoslavia. The Yugoslavian citizens usually called this country New Yugoslavia - NOVA
JUGOSLAVIJA, the old one, Old
Yugoslavia - STARA JUGOSLAVIJA, was the one
established in 1918. The
New Yugoslavia was also
recognized by the whole world. And because of that to me it sounds a bit
strange that the whole world did not recognize the same country by the same
name in 1992, but they
supported the division of the country. However, I don’t want to talk about
that. I want to talk about this very original name Yugoslavia. I
always used to ask myself where this original name came from. How can it be
possible that it existed for 70 years, but today it has lost the meaning?
There is also one interesting thing about the national anthem of Yugoslavia. The
name is O SLAVS – HEJ SLAVENI in Croatian, Western or Latin version,
СЛОВЕНИ in Serbian or east Cyrilic version. The words were written by Samuel Tomašik, composed (by unknown) in the mid 19th
century as an anthem for the Slavonic
movement. The anthem melody is nearly the same as that in Poland.
The name of the country, anthem etc.
resembled the country of the South
Slavs. Even when living in Yugoslavia I never noticed
that the concept ofSouth Slavs was important. Of the whole concept we
only have the name of the country. It was also a communistic country during
that time, and the socialist movement was more important than any kind of Slavism. The name of the
official language in Yugoslavia was Serbo-Croatian or Croatian-Serbian, SRPSKOHRVATSKI
– HRVATSKOSRPSKI or СРПСКОХРВАТСКИ
ХРВАТСКОСРПСКИ. There was
bilingualism inSlovenia and Macedonia and also in the
two autonomous regions of Kosovo and Vojvodina in
the Republic of Serbia. Today
the international community has recognized one new language, the Bosnian BOSANSKI. For me, as
someone who lived in Bosnia for 20 years, it
is very difficult to call my mother tongue by a new name. As a Croat from Bosnia I can call my language just the Croatian language, but when I
lived in Bosniaat
the time, I called this language Serbo-Croatian, and it sounds a little bit strange to
me that I call that language even today by the name of Croatian.
It seems that the names of the same language have been
changing all the time in a short historical period. If we talk about
citizenship in the time of the ‘last’
there were actually two citizenships, the official citizenship of Yugoslavia and the automatic
citizenship of the socialistic state in which you were born. Today there have
been quite a lot of changes also in that area.
It is very
interesting that the Bosnian
Muslims did not have the
right to declare themselves as anything else but Serbs or Croats before 1992, which was logic
because they are Serbs or
Croats, who just took a different
religion 500 years ago.
It was interesting that nobody in Bosnia could
declare themselves as, for example, a Bosnian or something similar along the line. It
also seems very strange to me that the International Community has recognized a
new-old nationality, or almost a "nation", the BOSNIACS, in the original Serbo-Croatian
language BOŠNJACI, and this term is today the exact
official name of the same South Slavic people, of the same Serbs and Croats,
who just took a different religion 500 years ago, when the Ottomans occupied
Bosnia. We can deduct of course that the Bosniacs
belong to the same ethnic tree as the Serbs
and the Croats.
In that time the
part of Serbs and Croats already took a different religion, going from
pantheism to the monotheism. They became Bogomils (BOGUMILI) in one part of Herzegovina.
Bogomilism is the Gnostic
dualistic sect, the synthesis of Armenian Paulicianism
and the local Slavonic Church
reform movement in Bulgaria and Herzegovina
between 950 and 1396 and in the Byzantine Empire
between 1018 and 1186.
They established their own faith at that time, and
they were very strong especially in Bulgaria and
in one part of Herzegovina. Because of that they were not
recognized by any church, orthodox or catholic, and most of them turned to
Islam when the Ottomans came, but kept their Slavic language and roots. Eventhough they changed religion three times from Pantheism
through Bogumilism to Islam, they did not, of course,
become anything else than Serbs or Croats, South Slavs or at
least, let’s say, citizens of Bosnia
and Herzegovina. For all that
time and during all those historical changes all of them spoke the same
Some of these same people from Pantheism through Bogumilism to Islam became to be later Catholics or
Orthodox, which means that an individual who became Catholic at that time, he
or his descendants declare themselves today as Croats, and an
individual who became
Orthodox at that time, he or his descendants declare themselves today as Serbs.
At the same time all of them can declare themselves as citizens of Bosnia
and Herzegovina, at the same
time the Croats from Bosnia and
automatically have citizenship of Croatia,
because they declare themselves as Croats, and Serbs can automatically have
citizenship of Serbia,
because they declare themselves as Serbs, what they are anyway, of course.
This is a typical characteristic of our Slavic
mentality, especially South Slavic mentality – fickle, inconstant and
changeable, which helped conquerors during history to keep us in their power.
That was a good moment for the Turks to practice the
politics of Divide et impera,
that means one people against itself, Slavs against Slavs. And as we can see,
that praxis has continued even till today, especially between the South
all these happenings and changes in the history there is always one thing that
has stayed the same, the SLAVIC
ELEMENT. In my opinion religion should not be the point of division in any
In my opinion SLAVENISM is a part of our identity and we
should not lose it in the future.
If we look at the union of Slovakia and the Czech Republic, CZECHOSLOVAKIA – ČESKOSLOVENSKO,
that was also some kind of union ofCentral
European Slavs, which was quite logic, at least at that time, but they
never got a name like WESTSLAVIA etc.
At one moment in history, the SORBS of LUSATIA believed they
would be able to make a union with the Czechs and the Slovaks. If that had
happened, then probably the Polish and Kashubians
could have enjoyed the same union or made some kind of West Slavic
Union, which, very possibly, could have been some kind of WESTSLAVIA, at least at that
time. Maybe the Rusyns and Carpatho-Rusyns
should take a better look at their own history.
Today we quite often notice that there
are ideas concerning a union between the East Slavic peoples, Belarus, Ukraine and Russia,
former Slavic states of USSR. One day they can
start to use some kind of name such as EAST SLAVIA, or
something similar, why not. The old and beautiful word SLAVIA gives a right and a possibility for
something like that.
Like l already said, the SLAVIC ELEMENT is very much present, and it is
one thing that has stayed the same.
ELEMENT, SLAVENISM - this is something that has
existed for a very long time, and today we only have to give these terms a
The right way to....
LOVE PEACE and FREEDOM,
respecting the democratic
value of today.
In that case we